[32] On the next day of the festival, the game of canes was performed in the manner of two bands. Sacrifice. [3] Xipe Totec was also known by various other names, including Tlatlauhca (Nahuatl pronunciation: [t͡ɬaˈt͡ɬawʔka]), Tlatlauhqui Tezcatlipoca (Nahuatl pronunciation: [t͡ɬaˈt͡ɬawʔki teskat͡ɬiˈpoːka]) ("Red Smoking Mirror") and Youalahuan (Nahuatl pronunciation: [jowaˈlawan]) ("the Night Drinker"). [41] At the end of the Tlacaxipehualiztli festival, gladiator sacrifice (known as tlauauaniliztli) was carried out by five Aztec warriors; two jaguar warriors, two eagle warriors and a fifth, left-handed warrior. Perhaps the most gruesome image created by the Aztecs is Xipe Totec, a living man (probably a cult priest) who wears on his head and torso the flayed skin of a sacrificed human. The sacrificial victim was bound spread-eagled to a wooden frame, he was then shot with many arrows so that his blood spilled onto the ground. Xipe Totec mask . [7], Xipe Totec connected agricultural renewal with warfare. National Institute of Anthropology and History, Archaeologists have found a temple to the ‘Flayed Lord’ in Mexico, "Mexican experts discover first temple of god depicted as skinned human corpse", "Museo de América (Catalogue - item 1991/11/48)", "Las representaciones de Xipe Totec en la frontera sur Mesoamericana", "La música en la fiesta del dios Xipe Totec", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Xipe_Totec&oldid=996712957, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing Classical Nahuatl-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 06:05. [10] He had a temple called Yopico within the Great Temple of Tenochtitlan. [16] Representations of the god have been found as far away as Tazumal in El Salvador. From the Xipe Totec's Ep "Rebirth Into Essence"Contacts: www.myspace.com/xipetotecimola Transformed into the god, the victims were led through a series of rituals performing as Xipe Totec, then they were sacrificed and their body parts distributed among the community. [6] The female equivalent of Xipe Totec was the goddess Xilonen-Chicomecoatl. The flayed skins were often taken from sacrificial victims who had their hearts cut out, and some representations of Xipe Totec show a stitched-up wound in the chest. In contrast, people who were sacrificed or died on the battlefield would spend eternity in the realms of the Omeyocan and the Tlalocan, two forms of Paradise. Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.422. Archaeologists discover Mexico temple to Xipe Totec, ‘the Flayed Lord’ whose human sacrifices were skinned ... How Ching Ming’s paper offerings evolved from human sacrifice. He is usually painted yellow or gold to symbolize abundance. Xipe Totec was also associated with disease, death, and rebirth. [6] When the twenty-day festival was over, the flayed skins were removed and stored in special containers with tight-fitting lids designed to stop the stench of putrefaction from escaping. Name: Xipe Totec Pronunciation: Coming soon Alternative names: Xipe. Depictions of him show him wearing a flayed skin and holding a weapon, a shield, or a jug filled with grain. Xipe was one of four gods intimately related to death and the Aztec underworld: Mictlantecuhtli and his feminine counterpart Mictecacihuatl, Coatlicue, and Xipe Totec. The Aztec god Xipe Totec was clearly a late version of a pan-Mesoamerican god, with earlier versions of Xipe's compelling imagery found in places such as the classic Maya representation on Copan Stela3, and perhaps associated with the Maya God Q, he of violent death and execution. Ontdek de perfecte stockfoto's over Xipe Totec Aztec Dancers en redactionele nieuwsbeelden van Getty Images Kies uit premium Xipe Totec Aztec Dancers van de hoogste kwaliteit. Hij was een god die heerste over de drie-eenheid van leven, dood en wederopstanding. [28] People wishing to be cured made offerings to him at Yopico. ( Public Domain ) Insights into Xipe Totec . Xipe Totec ( pron. [38], Various methods of human sacrifice were used to honour this god. Statues and carvings of Xipe Totec have turned up at archaeological sites scattered all over Mexico and Central America, but archaeologists with Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) say they’ve found the first […] During the festival of Tlacaxipehualiztli, dances and ritual battles were performed, culminating in the gladitorial sacrifice of captives. More specifically, flaying is associated with the cycle of American corn (maize) as it sheds its external seed covering when it is ready to germinate. Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.171. Xipe Totec was widely worshipped in central Mexico at the time of the Spanish Conquest, [4] and was known throughout most of Mesoamerica. Xipe Totec’s Temple Xipe Totec’s dark, cave-like temple was called Yopico (‘the place of Yopi’, Xipe Totec’s Zapotec name). The cult of death surrounding these four gods had numerous celebrations throughout the Aztec calendar year that were directly related to death and ancestor worship. Posted by Xipe Totec | Wed Dec 28, 2016, 05:44 PM (0 replies) The Poinsettia - How a flower from Mexico became a world-wide symbol of Christmas The poinsettia (/pɔɪnˈsɛtiə/ or /pɔɪnˈsɛtə/) (Euphorbia pulcherrima) is a commercially important plant species of the diverse spurge family. Adventure Fanfiction Fantasy Aztec Mythology Xipe Totec Tezcatlipoca ... Quetzalcoatl Huitzilopotchli Chicomecoatl Tonatiuh Itzpapalotl Blood Sacrifice Gore Mythology Mexica Skin Deep tells the story of four Aztec Gods who set out on a journey across the land to retrieve four mystical hidden items left by their parent, the dual god Ometeotl. While in the houses, they sat down on sheaves of tzapote leaves and put on necklaces which were made of ears of corn and flowers. Xipe Totec, Our Lord the Flayed One. Good/Evil Rating: OKAY, not bad Popularity index: 1479 There they remained forever in the same state that they had lived in. [35] The skins were often adorned with bright feathers and gold jewellery when worn. [14], The flayed skins were believed to have curative properties when touched and mothers took their children to touch such skins in order to relieve their ailments. Xipe Totec is a god of agricultural renewal. The Popolucas built the temple in an area called Ndachjian-Tehuacan between AD 1000 and 1260 prior to Aztec invasion of the area.[18]. Nicoletta Maestri holds a Ph.D. in Mesoamerican archaeology with fieldwork experience in Italy, the Near East, and throughout Mesoamerica. Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.422. This deity was the patron deity of the city of Cempoala, the capital of the Totonacs during the Postclassic period, and is thought to have been adopted from there. The Flayed One does not have a skin of his own so his followers flay a carefully-chosen sacrifice to do so. Often, a painted hand covers the gaping mouth. The four-foot (1.2 meter) tall statue was reconstructed and is currently on display at the Museo Nacional de Antropologia (INAH) in Mexico City. Azteekse mythologie skin as an important element the victims ’ skins as ceremonial attire Totec included two spectacular of..., running across the eyes are not visible, the heart of the god have the one! 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